Vital Statistics for Miami Community
The vital statistics analyzed in this paper comprises maternal mortality rate, fetal death rates, perinatal mortality rate, and infant mortality rate; the distribution of these cases among the community, and epidemiological studies that have been done in Miami for the past five years will be also discussed.
Maternal mortality rate is the number of women who die during childbirth and pregnancy, per 100,000 successful births. The infant mortality rate of Miami-Dave is at 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births. Infant mortality rate has been used as one of the most extensively applied indicators of the overall health conditions of a community. Perinatal mortality refers to the death of a fetus or neonate during the stage between the 24th week of gestation and the closing stages of the first week of life. The rate for neonatal and post-neonatal was 4.2 and 2.3 per 1000 births respectively (Anderson & Stone, 2013). According to 2006 statistics, Miami-Dade County reported a fetal death rate of 8.2 for every 1,000 successful births as contrasted with 7.3 for the state of Florida (Dade County Medical Association, 2006). The statistical data vary with geographical location due to demographical variation. Ethnicity and socioeconomic status are factors that have been attributed to statistical variations in Miami epidemiological studies.
Epidemiological studies that have been done in Miami include stillbirths and infants deaths ratio, fetal infant mortality review (FIMR), neonatal and post-neonatal mortality rate, disease control mechanism, and fatality death ratio. These studies are analytical and have been carried out by the bureau of epidemiological department and health sector of Miami-Dade. The studies were conducted through the collection of death cases from health facilities and registrar of death cases. The studies were carried out by the Florida Department of Health, the Federal Bureau of Maternal and Child Health and Universities (Dade County Medical Association, 2006).
The statistics are essential in verifying and improving infant survival in Miami community. The results vary with ethnicity and geographical location.
- Anderson, B. A., & Stone, S. E. (Eds.). (2013). Best practices in midwifery: Using the evidence to implement change. New York: Springer Pub. Co.
- Dade County Medical Association. (2006). Miami-Dade Fetal Infant Mortality Review (FIMR) Project. Retrieved September 24, 2013 from http://www.hscmd.org/documents/MiamiDadeHS_FIMR_PF5.pdf